Brain Stroke: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is a stroke?

Stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds, or when there is a blockage in the blood that supplies to the brain. Rupture or blockage can prevent the blood and oxygen from reaching the brain tissues.

Without oxygen, brain cells and tissue can be damaged and begin to die within a few minutes.

Symptoms:-

The loss of blood flow to the brain can damage the  tissues within the brain. Symptoms of  stroke can show up in the body parts which are controlled by the damaged areas of the brain.

The sooner that a person having a stroke gets care, the better their outcome is likely to be. For this it will be helpful to know the signs of a stroke so that you can act quickly. Stroke symptoms can include:

  • paralysis
  • numbness or weakness in the arm, face, and leg, that effects on one side of the body
  • trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • confusion
  • slurring speech
  • vision problems, such as getting troubled seeing in one or both eyes with vision blackened or blurred, or double vision in
  • trouble walking
  • loss of balance or coordination
  • dizziness
  • severe, sudden headache with an unknown cause

A stroke requires immediate medical attention. If you think  someone else is having a stroke, Prompt treatment is the key to preventing the following outcomes:

 

  • brain damage
  • long-term disability
  • death

Types of stroke:-

Strokes can fall into three main categories: transient ischemic attack (TIA), ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke. These categories are furtherly broken down into other types of strokes, that includes:

  • Embolic stroke
  • Thrombotic stroke
  • Intracerebral stroke
  • Subarachnoid stroke

Prevention:-

The best way to prevent from the stroke is as underlying causes. People can also achieve this by making lifestyle changes such as:

  • eating a healthful diet
  • maintaining a moderate weight
  • exercising regularly
  • not smoking tobacco
  • avoiding alcohol, or only drinking moderately

Causes and risk factors

Each type of a stroke has different set of potential causes. Generally, stroke is more likely to affect a person if they:

  • have overweight or obesity
  • 55 years of age or older
  • have a personal or family history of stroke
  • have high blood pressure
  • have diabetes
  • have high cholesterol
  • have heart disease, carotid artery disease, or another vascular disease too
  • are sedentary
  • consume alcohol excessively
  • smoke
  • use illicit drugs

 

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